Palmerston North Detachment – NZAOC

I Recently discovered this interesting picture of the Palmerston North Ordnance Store, 327 Main Street, opposite the Empire Hotel ( The Cobb to those of you familiar to Palmerston North).  The location of this building is now where Work and Income New Zealand (WINZ) is, I suspect that when the Railway line was relocated, Main street was adjusted as this location s now 527 Main Street.

NZ Army Ordnance Stores, 327 Main Street, Palmerston North circa 1930. Palmerston North Libraries and Community Services

NZ Army Ordnance Stores, 327 Main Street, Palmerston North. Palmerston North Libraries and Community Services

The building was initially known as the Lyceum Hall and in 1914 used by the Boy Scouts as their hall.

butler postingsThe Palmerston North  Ordnance Store was established early in the war to service the growing mobilisation camps in the Manawatu region,  with records showing that Alfred Butler a civilian employee of the Defence Stores Department was transferred into the Palmerston North  Ordnance Store in February 1915. Private Butler was attested in the NZAOC on its formation in 1917.

At some stage in the early years of the war the building was taken over by the Defence Department, most likely by the Defence Stores Department,  and by 1917 was utilised as an Ordnance Store. On 1 July 1917 many of the Defence Stores Department staff were attested for service into the newly formed New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps, and from 1 July 1917 the Palmerston North Ordnance Store official designation was “Palmerston North Detachment – NZAOC”.

Under the command of the Captain F.E Ford NZAOD, the Ordnance Officer Wellington, between 1 July 1917 and 14 Dec 1921 the Palmerston North Detachment – NZAOC consisted of the following staff drawn from the New Zealand Permanent Staff, Militarised Defence Stores Department staff and returned servicemen from the NZEF.

  • NZAOC  No 132. Armourer Staff Sergeant Andrew Archibald Young, MSM
  • NZAOC  No 209. Sergeant A.K Simpson
  • NZAOC  No 617, Private James Richards Horace
  • NZAOC  No 80, Private Wilfred John Mitchinson
  • NZAOC  No 838, Lance Corporal William Robert McMinn
  • NZAOC No 19, Private A.F Butler
  • NZAOC  No 44, Private George Henry Gedson
  • NZAOC  No 53, Private H Houton
  • NZAOC  No 163, Private William Alexander Larkin

It is unknown if this building was occupied by all the Ordnance Staff, of they were employed in different locations, but what is know is that by 1921 as the Army demobilised and wartime facilities closed. Up to its closure in 1921 the Palmerston North Detachment was primarily concerned with transferring stores to Featherston Camp and conditioning many auctions and tenders for surplus Camp Equipment and Clothing.

The Building was advertised for let by Headquarters, Central Military Command in June 1921 and by September 1921, the building had been taken over by  Universal Secondhand Depot, who at the time claimed to have in stock the most extensive supply of Modern Secondhand Furniture in the District.

Records show that by December 1921 the Palmerston North Detachment – NZAOC staff had either been posted to Featherston or Trentham Camps or had been demobilised, and it seems that with little ceremony the  Palmerston North Detachment – NZAOC faded into History with only a single photo to remember its existence.

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New Zealand Ordnance staff at Mulheim, Germany, 1919

Military unit photos, I have a stack of them from my 29 years in the service. They provide a snapshot of a unit and its personnel at a set moment in time. The photos I am writing about here are significant to the New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps as they provide one of the few photographic records of New Zealand’s Ordnance Personnel from the First World War.

The Group portraits on this page are of the New Zealand Ordnance staff taken at Mulheim, Germany, February 1919 by Henry Armitage Sanders.  On the completion of hostilities on 11 Nov 1918, the New Zealand Division as part of the British Occupation Forces in Germany was stationed at Mulheim, Germany.  The New Zealand occupation was short-lived,  and by April the bulk of the New Zealand troops had been pulled back to Britain and the NZ Division disbanded.

There are two pictures;

  • A large group photo of what I assume is the entire Ordnance and Demobilisation Staff representing most of the units of the NZ Division. Then caption found on the back of the first print only states  “Occupation of Germany” and has no details of the individuals in the photos.
  • A group photo of just the Ordnance members of the Demobilisation Staff, consisting of :
    • A major,
    • A Lieutenant,
    • A Warrant Officer Class 1 (Conductor),
    • 2 Warrant Officers Class 1 ( Sub Conductor), and
    • 7 Other Ranks.
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New Zealand Ordnance Corps demobilisation Staff at Mulheim, Germany, February 1919. Alexander Turnbull Library/Public Domain

 

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New Zealand Ordnance Staff, Mulheim, Germany, February 1919. RNZAOC School/Public Domain

Given the scarcity of information on the activities of the NZEF NZAOC I have focused on attempting to identify the following;

  • The Ordnance Major,
  • The Ordnance Lieutenant,
  • The Conductor, and
  • The two Sub Conductors.

At present, there is insufficient information on who the other ranks of the NZAOC were, so this is an ongoing effort to be completed at a later date.

Rank Badges

Rank badges are one of the key indicators to the identification an individual against the existing records. But there can be small fishhooks that can cause some trip-ups to the novice researcher. The one in this picture is the Conductors badges. To those familiar with modern-day New Zealand Warrant Officer rank, it is simple, WO1 – Coat of Arms; WO2 – Crown with Laurels, but in 1919 things were slightly different. Ordnance conductors and Sub-Conductors were both Warrant Officers Class I, with Conductors authorised to wear a crown in a laurel wreath and sub-conductors the royal coat of arms.

 

Medal Ribbons

14-15 Star

The 1914-15 Star. NZDF/Public Domain

Some of the men in the picture are wearing medal ribbons.

This ribbon is for the 1914-15 Star which was awarded to all personnel who had served at Gallipoli. Ribbons had been issued by August 1918 with the medals following in the post-war years.

Service Chevrons

Service stripes

Service Chevrons denoting 5 years service starting from 1914

Service Chevrons were worn inverted on the right sleeve and signified overseas service since 4 August 1914. A red chevron worn on the base indicated service on or before 31 December 1914. Service after 1 January 1915 was denoted by Blue Chevrons.

The Major

It was quite easy as at the time there were only two Majors in the NZEF NZAOC,

  • Major Levien who at the time was based in England, and
  • Temporary Major Gossage, who was the NZ Division, DADOS.
Temporary Major Charles Ingram Gossage

9/39 Temporary Major Charles Ingram Gossage OBE. National Library of New Zealand/public domain

9/39  Major Charles Ingram Gossage whose pre-war occupation was a bank clerk, enlisted into the Otago Mounted Rifles on 19 Aug 1914. Serving in Egypt and Gallipoli Gossage transferred into the NZAOC as an NCO on 23 March 1916. Moving with the NZ Division to France Gossage served on the Division DADOS staff becoming a Warrant Officer Class 1 with the appointment of Sub Conductor on 24 July 1916. Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant on 24 Jan 1917, Gossage attended an Ordnance course at the Woolwich Ordnance College from 21 Sept 1917, Gossage returned to the NZ Division in March 1918 as the DADOS. Attaining the rank of temporary Major,  Gossage would remain as the NZ Division DADOS until the NZ Division was disestablished and Gossage was demobilised on 24 January 1920. Gossage was awarded the OBE on 15 June 1919. Postwar Gossage served in the New Zealand Army Ordnance Department until 1922.

The Lieutenant

During 1919 I have identified two Lieutenants in the NZAOC;

  • 23/659 Lieutenant William Henchcliffe Simmons, MSM. Lieutenant Simmons was a railway clerk who enlisted on 8 August 1914 and served in Samoa before been deployed to the Middle East and then France. Transferring to the NZAOC on 21 March 1916. Simmons was commissioned and attained the Rank of Temporary Captain on 31 December 1919. Posted from the NZ Division to Headquarters Ordnance in London in January 1920, Simmons was appointed Officer Commanding Ordnance on 20 Feb 1920 and finally Demobilised on 13 October 1920. Simmons was Awarded the MSM 1 Jan 1917. From being on the Samoa Advance party in 1914 to the NZEF rear details in late 1920 Temp Captain Simmons was definitely close to being “first in – Last out”.
  • 15/111  Lieutenant Walter John Geard,   A steelworker from Auckland, Lt Geard enlisted in the Auckland Infantry on 10 August 1914. Serving in Egypt, and possibly Gallipoli. Geard continued to serve with the Egyptian Expeditionary Force after the bulk of the NZEF deployed to France.  Promoted to Warrant Officer and posted to Brigade headquarters for Ordnance Duties on 10 Jan 1916, Geard was Promoted to Warrant Officer Class 1 (Conductor) on 1 January 1917. Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant on 20 June 1917 Geard was transferred to France on 25 May 1918, where he was employed as an assistant to the NZ Division DADOS from August 1918. Posted to Ordnance Headquarters London in May 1919, Geard was demobilised on 29 October 1919.
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NZAOC Lieutenant

Evidence suggests that it is Lieutenant Geard, The medal ribbon and the Service Chevrons correspond with the details in his record.

The Warrant Officer Class 1 – Conductor

In Feb 1919 I identified five Warrant Officers Class 1 (Conductor) in the NZAOC.

  • 10/2725 WO1 (Conductor) John Goutenoire O’Brien. WO1 (Cdr) O’Brien was a Bank Clerk who enlisted into the Wellington Infantry on 20 April 1915. Leaving NZ as part of the 6th reinforcements, O’Brien served in Gallipoli. Transferring to the NZAOC on its formation in Feb 1916 he continued to serve with the NZ Division in France. Transferring to London Headquarters in March 1918 as the chief clerk, a position he held until March 1920. O’Brien was Awarded the MSM in December 1919.
  • 8/2287 WO1 (Conductor) Edward Cullen Little.  WO1 (Cdr) Little was a clerk with State Fire Insurance when he enlisted with the Wellington Infantry on 9 August 1914. Deploying to Samoa from 15 Aug 1915 to 22 March 1915. Re mustering into the Otago Regiment, he deployed to the Middle East on 17 April 1915. Wounded at Gallipoli and evacuated to Egypt,  Little transferred in the NZAOC in Feb 1916. Remaining in the Middle East until March 1917 when Little was transferred to France. Serving in France, Little was promoted to Warrant Officer Class 1 (Conductor) and transferred back to the Middle East for service with the NZ Mounted Rifle Brigade. Little was demobilised on 11 Nov 1919.
  • 66613 WO1 (Conductor) Charles Slattery.   WO1 (Cdr) Slattery a long-serving member of the New Zealand Forces since 1898, was a member of the New Zealand Permanent Staff and had spent most of the war filling Quartermaster Sergeants positions in New Zealand until drafted in the NZEF in late 1918. After a short time in Sling camp and with the Wellington Regiment, he was transferred into the NZAOC as a WO (Cdr) on 6 Jan 1919. Becoming ill with influenza Slattery was admitted to 44 Casualty Clearing Station on 16 Feb 1919, passing away on the 25th of February 1919 aged 39 years.
  • 6/3459 WO1 (Conductor) Clarence Adrian Seay, MSM.  Initially a Sheep Farmer, Seay enlisted into the Canterbury Regiment in August 1915. Transferring into the NZAOC as a Temporary Sergeant on 11 Feb 1916, Attaining the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1 with the Appointment of Conductor on 22 Sept 1917. Becoming ill with influenza Seay was admitted to 44 Casualty Clearing Station on 12 Feb 1919, passing away on the 20th of February 1919 aged 25 years. WO1 (Cdr) Seay was awarded the MSM on 3 June 1919.
  • 6/1147 WO1 (Conductor) Walter Gus Smiley.  Initially a Motor Engineer, Smiley enlisted into the Canterbury Regiment in August 1914.  Wounded at Gallipoli and evacuated to Malta and then England, Smiley returned to Gallipoli in December 1915, immediately transferring into the NZAOC on his return.  Remaining with the NZAOC for the remainder of the war Smiley attained the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1 with the Appointment of Conductor on 23 April 1917. Smiley was discharged From the NZEF on 28 April 1920.
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NZAOC Warrant Officer Class 1 (Conductor)

Given that this Warrant Officer has no service chevrons or medal ribbons there is a high probability that it is  WO1 (Cdr) Slattery who joined the NZEF in late 1918 and transferred into the NZAOC as a WO1 (Cdr) on 6 Jan 1919.

The Warrant Officers Class 1 – Sub Conductor

In Feb 1919 I identified four Warrant Officers Class 1 (Sub Conductor) in the NZAOC.

  • 10/2484 WO1 (Sub Conductor) Harold Gordon Hill.  WO1 (Sub Cdr)  Hill was a student when he enlisted into the Wellington Infantry Battalion on 15 Feb 1915. Wounded at Gallipoli and Evacuated to Egypt, Hill was transferred to the NZAOC on 22 Feb 1916.  Serving in France, Hill was promoted to Warrant Officer Class 2 (Sub-Conductor) on 23 April 1917. Hill was demobilised on 14 December 1919.
  • 8/1484 WO1 (Sub Conductor) Edwin Stanley Green.  A bank clerk who enlisted into Otago Infantry Battalion on 15 Dec 1914.  Serving at Gallipoli and the Egypt and France, Green was transferred to the NZAOC on 22 Dec 1916, attaining the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1 (Sub Conductor) on 26 Nov 1918.Green was demobilised on 18 Dec 1919.
  • 8/584 WO1 (Sub Conductor) Frank Percy Hutton. WO1 (Sub Cdr) Hutton had a civilian trade of indentor when he enlisted in the Otago Infantry on 28 August 1914. While serving at Gallipoli where has was attached to the NZAOC on 15 Dec 1915. Transferring into the NZAOC on 29 January 1916. Remaining with the NZAOC for the remainder of the war, Hutton was promoted to WO1 with the appointment of Sub Conductor on 1 Dec 1917 and was demobilised on 20 August 1919.
  • 50248 Temporary WO1 (Temporary Sub Conductor)Arthur Sydney Richardson. Temp WO1 (Temp Sub Cdr) Richardson was a career soldier with the Royal New Zealand Artillery with the trade of Armament Artificer. Richardson embarked for overseas service with the NZEF on 12 June 1917 and was transferred into the NZAOC on 16 Feb 1918 with the rank of temporary WO1 with the appointment of Temporary Sub Conductor on 12 Feb 1919. Rejoining the Artillery in October 1919, he would transfer back to the NZAOC in 1928, becoming a WO1 in 1940 and was awarded the MSM in 1942. Remaining in the NZAOC for the duration of the Second World War he would transfer to the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers in 1948, retiring in 1951.
Mulheim 5

NZAOC Warrant Officer Class 1 (Sub-Conductor)

The Service Chevrons and medal Ribbon identify this WO1 as most likely being WO1 (Sub Cdr) Hutton.

Mulheim 1

NZAOC Warrant Officer Class 1 (Sub-Conductor)

As this WO1 has no service chevrons or medal ribbon, this is probably Temporary WO1 (Temporary Sub Conductor)Richardson.

 

Copyright © Robert McKie 2017


New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps (NZEF) 1916-1919

Much has been written about how the New Zealand Division was one of the most excellent Divisions in the British army during the 1st World war, but little has been written about the logistics supporting the NZ Division, even less has been written about the contribution of the New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps.

When New Zealand entered the First World War and raised an Expeditionary Force, there was no Ordnance Corps in place to support the Force. Fortunately, in 1912 the need for an Ordnance Corps had been identified, and a small cadre of officers and men had been trained and exercised in support of the 1913 and 1914 annual camps, so as the nation mobilised, ad-hoc Ordnance Sections were established to support the fledgeling New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF).

Two individuals known to be part of the embryonic Ordnance Corps were Captain W T Beck, Defence Storekeeper for Auckland, and Norman Joseph Levien. Levien had enlisted in the 3rd Auckland Regiment, and transferred as a Temporary Sergeant into the Ordnance Department as the IC of Stores and Equipment and assisted in equipping the troops for overseas service. Both Beck and Levien deployed with the main body of the NZEF,  Beck as the Deputy Assistant Director of Ordnance Services(DADOS), with Levien part of the small DADOS staff. On their arrival in Egypt is was immediately down to business, linking in with the British and Australian Ordnance systems and preparing the NZEF for battle.  Levien was attached to the British Ordnance Corps Depot at the Citadel in Cairo to study the Ordnance systems in use with the Imperial forces in Egypt.

Although the NZEF was organised upon standard British lines and therefore in theory able to quickly tap into the existing British system. As preparations for the Gallipoli campaign progressed, it was identified that a uniquely New Zealand Ordnance organisation would be required to be developed to better serve the NZEF. Therefore a New Zealand Ordnance Depot was established at No. 12 Rue de la, Porte Rosette and a warehouse at Shed 43, Alexandra Docks in Alexandria, Egypt.

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Rue de la, Porte Rosette, Alexandria, Egypt. Public Domain

Beck deployed to Gallipoli as the Deputy Assistant Director of Ordnance Services (DADOS) New Zealand & Australian Headquarters Ordnance (NZ & Aust HQ Ordnance) of the New Zealand and Australian Division, and in some sources is credited as been the first New Zealander ashore on the 25th of April.

It would appear that he was also a bit of a character and the Hawera & Normanby Star, 24 June 1916 had this to say about Captain Beck’s service at Gallipoli:

”Finally, there was Captain William Beck, an ordinary officer. “Beachy Bill” was in charge of the store – a miserable little place – and whenever he put his nose out of the door bullets tried to hit it. The Turkish gun in Olive Grove was named after him, “Beachy Bill.” The store was simply a shot under fire and Bill looked out and went on with his work just as if no bullets were about. He was the most courteous and humorous, and no assistant at Whiteley’s could have been more pleasing and courteous than the brave storekeeper on Anzac Beach. General Birdwood never failed to call on Captain Beck or call out as he passed on his daily rounds, asking if he were there, and they all dreaded the that some day there would be no reply from a gaunt figure still in death. But Captain Beck was only concerned for the safety of his customers. He hurried them away, never himself.”

NZAOC Captain W T Beck Shrapnel Gully Gallipoli 1 October 1915_zpswl20vkxy

NZAOC Captain W T Beck, Ordnance Depot Shrapnel Gully Gallipoli 1915. Alexander Turnbull Library

On 1 August Beck was invalided to Alexandria and replaced by Lieutenant Levien, (Promoted into the NZAOC as a 2nd Lieutenant on 3 April 1915) as DADOS. Levien remand in this post until Redeployed to Mudros on 28 November 1915 to become the Chief Ordnance Officer at Sarpi Camp, responsible for re-equipping the now depleted Australian and New Zealand Division. Levien was replaced as DADOS by  Lieutenant King (Promoted into the NZAOC as a 2nd Lieutenant on 3 April 1915).

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Ordnance Depot Shrapnel Gully, Gallipoli. Alexander Turnbull Library

After the withdraw from Gallipoli, the New Zealand Division was reorganised and prepared for redeployment to France, the Alexandra depot was closed, un-serviceable stores disposed of by auction and remaining serviceable stores not required by the NZ Division handed over to the Imperial Ordnance.

In February 1916 it was formally announced in the Evening Post Newspaper that regulations had been promulgated establishing the NZAOC as a unit of the NZEF. By the end of 1916, the NZAOC had been established under the control of the Officer Commanding NZEF Ordnance Corps and the NZEF Assistant Director of Ordnance Service (ADOS) and Staff. With an establishment of 1 Officer and 31 other ranks. The strength of the NZAOC was provided from within the NZEF and attached to units throughout the New Zealand Division to provide Ordnance Services.

Once in France, Ordnance soldiers got to the business of supporting the NZ Division, although not front line troops, they were still close enough to experience the occasional shelling as this article in the Poverty Bay Herald of 8 September 1916 describes:

Corporal J.J Roberts of the New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps, “Somewhere in France” writes under date June 2lst. ‘Yesterday the Germans dropped a shell on a church situated: some 200 yards away, removing the steeple, the shell passed right over our store, fortunately, for had it dropped short it would have been the finish of us. The sight was a sad one to witness the church in flames. We live very well here, The bedding is good, being most comfortable, in fact what with blankets and white sheets to cover us and a picture show with a change of pictures nightly, little is wanted. It is very quiet here the fighting on the Peninsula was ten times worse than this.

Promoted to Captain, Levien was appointed the Chief Ordnance Officer for the NZEF in the United Kingdom where he worked with the RAOC,  Australians and Canadians into establishing standard systems and procedures,  at the same time organising and developing New Zealand Ordnance Sections and Depots at all training camps and Hospitals throughout England.

In 1917 Levien was attached to the Woolwich Arsenal and the Army Clothing Depot at Pimlico for 6 and 4 weeks respectively where he was taught the basics of ammunition construction and methods of accounting and issuing ordnance stores. On his return, he then inaugurated new and improved systems which were approved by the NZ HQ and distributed to all commands to become the basis of future Ordnance services in the NZEF for the remainder of its existence. Promoted to Major, Levien was then posted to Sling Camp.

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Army clothing at a New Zealand military ordnance store, England. Alexander Turnbull Library

By 1918 the NZAOC had grown to an establishment strength of 3 Officers and 53 ORs under the control of the NZEF Administrative Headquarters in London, with the New Zealand Ordnance Base Depot at Farringdon Street, London and an Ordnance Dept at Sling Camp.

Demobilisation

With the cessation of hostilities in Nov 1919, the NZ Division marched into Germany as part of the British Army of the Rhine Occupation Forces.  Based in Cologne, the NZ Division demobilised and by the end of 1919 had returned to New Zealand. As the Division disbanded, the NZAOC was extremely busy in both Germany and England receiving war material from Division units, sorting and grading it and either retaining it,  for the return to New Zealand, disposing in situ or returning to the British Authorities.

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Rows of New Zealand military transport, Mulheim, Germany, 1919. National Library of New Zealand/Public Domain

The Bulk of the NZAOC personnel had been demobilised by the end of 1919, but there is some evidence that some individual members were retained with the NZEF Headquarters in London carrying out residual tasks until as late as 1922.

On return to New Zealand, some members of the NZEF NZAOC were employed in the Home service NZAOC and NZAOD, some continued their Territorial service with their original units, but most returned to civilian life putting their wartime service behind then

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New Zealand Ordnance Corps demobilisation Staff at Mulheim, Germany,  February 1919. Alexander Turnbull Library/Public Domain

Officer Commanding NZEF NZAOC

  • Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Henry Herbert, NZAOC   Jan 1916-May 1917
  • Lieutenant Colonels H.E Pilkington, RNZA 30 Jun 1918- 22 Jan 20
  • Temporary Captain Wilhelm Henchcliffe Simmons, NZAOC  20 Feb 20 – 13 Oct 1920

NZEF ADOS

  • Lieutenant Colonels H.E Pilkington, RNZA held the position of NZEF Assistance Director of Ordnance Services from June 1918 to 30 October 1919
  • Captain Herbert Henry Whyte, MC, NZAOC held the position of NZEF  Acting Assistance Director of Ordnance Services from 30 October 1919 until 20 Feb 1920.

NZ Division DADOS

The Deputy Assistance Directors of Ordnance Services were;

  • Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Henry Herbert, NZAOC,   Jan 1916 to May 1917
  • Major Charles Ingram Gossage, NZAOC, May 1917 – Jan 1920

Between 1914 and 1920 members of the NZAOC served in all the NZEF Theaters as part of  ANZAC Mounted Division in the Middle East, the New Zealand and Australian Division in Egypt and Gallipoli, the New Zealand Division in France and the New Zealand Occupation Forces in Germany.

Conductor Rank

Records suggest that the NZAOC adopted the British system of Conductor ranks.  Established on 11 January 1879 by Royal Warrant, the position of Conductor Stores in the Ordnance Store Branch (in 1896 became the Royal Army Ordnance Corps) established warrant officers as ranking above all non-commissioned officers. From 1896 Staff sergeant majors in the RAOC were renamed sub-conductors. In February 1915, with the general introduction of warrant officers throughout the army, conductors and sub-conductors became warrant officers class I. In 1915. The authorised rank insignia was a crown in a laurel wreath and sub-conductors the royal coat of arms. A List of the known NZEF NZAOC Conductors can be found on the attached link: NZEF NZAOC Conductors Nominal Roll

 

The Men of the NZEF NZAOC

A nominal roll of the known members of the NZEF NZAOC can be found on the attached link: NZEF NZAOC Nominal Roll, it details the dates that they were posted to and from the strength of the NZAOC. Available records indicate that the NZEF NZAOC was a very transient organisation, with many individuals posted into the NZAOC, undergo some on the job training on stores matters and then posted back to their original units in Quartermasters roles.

 

NZEF NZAOC Badge

It is unknown what the process was that lead to the introduction of the NZAOC badge.  In late 1916 Captain Levien, Chief Ordnance Officer for the NZEF was working with all the Commonwealth Ordnance Services including the Canadians in establishing Depots and standard systems and procedures, is likely to have been a significant influence on the design.

COC

Existing examples of the NZEF NZAOC Badge were manufactured by J R Gaunt of London. The Badges were produced by the die stamping process, and the NZ was sweated on, which leads to the assumption that either surplus UK AOD badges were utilised, or new badges were made using existing dies.
Matching Collar badges were produced and were miniatures of the cap badge, in pairs with the cannons facing inwards.

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New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps Badge, 1916-1919 (Copyright © Robert McKie 2017)

Copyright © Robert McKie 2017