The New Zealand Army’s contribution to the UNITAF and UNOSOM Missions consisted of.
- NZ Supply Detachment, November 1992 to July 1993
- Army personnel attached to 42 Squadron RNZAF, January to May 1993
- NZ Supply Platoon July 1993 to January 1994
- NZ Supply Platoon January 1994 to June 1994
- Staff attached to UN Headquarters 1992 to 1995
Uniforms worn by the NZ troops in Somalia were based around the standard NZ Army Disruptive Pattern material (DPM) temperate uniform that had been introduced in the late 1980s. Shirts were worn with sleeves rolled up and shirts untucked.
Each contingent had variations of what and how items could be worn, but, the combinations worn were not too dissimilar between contingents.
Ceremonial or Parade Dress
On rare ceremonial occasions, the DPM Uniform was worn with the shirt tucked in with.
- Blue UN Beret
- Blue UN cravat
- Stable Belt of the individual’s Corps
Due to the harsh environment, a relaxed and comfortable working dress was adopted, which was worn in several variations, including
- T-Shirt/Singlet, Shorts, Boots
- T-Shirt/singlet, DPM Trouser, Boots
The Green T-Shirt was the standard issue NZ Army PT Shirt, however on occasion some individuals wore DPM T-Shirts or green civilian T-Shirts.
Although issue of the Green Single had ceased in the early 1980’s, some of the longer serving solders wore these older items.
The Black Shorts worn were either the standard NZ Army issue PT Short, “Singapore” Shorts or civilian items such as Canterbury Rugby Shorts.
Headdress won by NZ Troops in Somalia consisted of.
- NZ Army Beret with Corps Badge
- UN Blue Beret
- UN Blue Baseball cap
- PASGT Kevlar Helmet
NZ Army Beret with Corps Badge
Usually only worn in transit from NZ to arrival in Somalia
UN Blue Beret
Issued from UN Stocks in Theatre, apart from Ceremonial occasions, rarely worn
UN Blue Baseball cap
Issued from UN Stocks, worn daily.
PASGT Kevlar Helmet
Worn daily. Use of covers on Kevlar helmets was not standardised, some were worn with covers others without covers.
NZ Manufactured Blue Covers designed for the PASGT helmets were utilised, these were plain blue with no markings.
Blue Covers designed for the M1 Steel helmet were also utilised, as were covers designed for the M1 Helmet in the various types of NZ DPM Pattern.
Although the DMP uniform was not designed for the climate, some consideration to climate appropriate footwear was given and Desert Boots were issued. Manufactured by New Zealand boot manufacturer John Bull, the Desert Boots were made of Tan Suede with synthetic rubber soles.
Each soldier was issued with two pairs of Desert boots; however a few individuals also wore the standard Black GP Boot.
As per the NZ Military conventions of the day, Rank insignia was worn as follows.
- NCO Rank worn on a Brassard on the right shoulder,
- Warrant Officer Rank on a wristband on the right wrist,
- Officer Rank worn on a rank slide on the shoulder epaulettes of the DPM Shirt.
The Mission Brassard was worn on the Left shoulder and consisted of the UN patch above an NZ Flag. There is evident of examples of the mission Brassard worn with the badges reversed as well. As Officers and Warrant Officers wore their rank on the shoulder and wrist, there are also example of the Mission Brassard worn on the right shoulder.
In addition to the NZ Flag on the Mission Brassard, a variation of the standard New Zealand shoulder tab that had been worn on overseas mission since the Second World War was worn affixed to the epaulets of each shoulder.
Trade and Appointment Badges
Some trade and appointment badges, such as the Ammunition Technician Badge and Medic Red Cross, were worn on the Mission Brassard.
Protective Vests and Body Amour
The New Zealand Army Body Armour of choice at the time was the Light Fragmentation Vest. A piece of kit unsuitable of the operating environment, which served more as confidence booster than as a practical protective measure.
From 1994 some of the Staff posted to the UN HQ were issued with the much more capable Bristol Type 23 Body Amour.
Load Carrying Equipment
Each NZ Soldier deployed to Somalia with the standard NZ Harness Webbing, being the early 90’s there was no set configurations with a variety of different pouches utilised with a basic set consisting of a minimum of Two Magazine pouches and Two Water Bottles and First Aid Pouch.
Due to the operating environment and the impartibility of wearing harness webbing in vehicles at the workplace, most individuals seldom used their webbing, with most sets spending the entire tour sitting under the individual’s cot, only to be dragged out for the occasional stand to.
Early on when the threat was perceived as low, a single spare magazine was carried in the pocket of the Frag Vest. As the treat level increased and the need to have additional ammunition at hand, many contingent members utilised a simple belt order consisting of pistol belt, Ammunition pouch and water bottle.
With the Infantry sections attached from July 93, some of the infantry lads utilised chest Rigs.
One set of unofficial purchased vest webbing was worn by a member of the Third Supply Contingent from January 1994. This vest was worn over the Frag Vest and allowed the wearer to carry additional ammunition and items with no loss of movement when in vehicle or carrying out physical tasks. This set of vest webbing become a communal set and was also utilised the Infantry Section Commander if his tasks necessitated it.
The New Zealand Contingents in Somalia utilised the standard range of New Zealand Small Arms, including
- Steyr AUG 5.56mm Rifle with 508mm barrel.
- Steyr AUG 5.56mm Carbine with 250mm barrel.
- C9 Minimi 5.56 mm Light Machine Gun.
- Pistol 9 mm Automatic P226, note as this weapon had only been introduced into NZ Army Service in 1992, existing holsters for the retired Browning pistols were utilised.
- The Somalia Journal 1992-1995
- Authors Collection